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Lists of incumbents

These are lists of incumbents, i.e. lists of people in various offices and positions, including heads of states or of subnational entities (in no particular order).

Lists of people
By name
By belief
By nationality
By occupation
By office held
By prize won

Current incumbents may also be found in the countries' articles (main article and "Politics of"), recent changes on 2003 in politics, and past leaders on 1957 (the first year-page to include them), lists of people associated with the American Civil War, World War I, World War II.

Various articles group lists by topic: e.g. abdication, assassinated persons, cabinet, chancellor, ex-monarchs (20th century), first names, head of government, Head of State, lieutenant governor, mayor, military commanders, minister, order of precedence, president, prime minister, Reichstag participants (1792), Secretary of State.

Table of contents
1 Religious leaders
2 Heads of International Organizations
3 Heads of State or Government (Defunct Entities)
4 Heads of State or Government (modern entities)
5 Heads of modern subnational entities
6 Municipal leaders
7 External links

Religious leaders

Heads of International Organizations

Heads of State or Government (Defunct Entities)

Ancient World

Middle Ages

Heads of State or Government (modern entities)

List of national leaders - heads of state or government who are in office


America, Central and the Caribbean

America, North

America, South




Middle East

Heads of modern subnational entities







United States

Municipal leaders

External links