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List of monarchs who lost their thrones or abdicated in the 20th century

The following monarchs either lost their thrones through deposition by a coup d'état, by a referendum which abolished their throne, or chose to abdicate during the 20th century.

See also: Abolished monarchies

King Zog of Albania
overthrown by Mussolini in 1939

Kaiser William II of Germany
King of Prussia

deposed after World War I

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran
overthrown by revolution in 1979

King Manuel II of Portugal
overthrown by revolution in 1910

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
overthrown by revolution in 1917
executed with his family in 1918

Surviving monarchs from abolished monarchies:

Emperor Bao Dai of Vietnam
deposed twice