The Republic of Botswana
is a landlocked nation of southern Africa
. Formerly the British
protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent on September 30
. The economy, closely tied to South Africa
's, is dominated by cattle raising and mining. The capital is Gaborone
Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.