Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index


The Sultanate of Brunei is an oil-rich country located on the island of Borneo, in south-east Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by Malaysia.

Negara Brunei Darussalam
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Brunei Darussalam
(Malay: Brunei, the abode of peace)
Official languageMalay language
CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
SultanHassanal Bolkiah
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 163rd
5,770 km²
 - Total (2001)
 - Density
Ranked 162nd
IndependenceJanuary 1, 1984
Time zoneUTC + 8
National anthemYa Allah lanjutkan
la usia Duli tuanku
Internet TLD.BN
Calling Code673

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Districts
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External Links


Main article: History of Brunei

The sultanate of Brunei was very powerful in from the 14th through 16th century, covering the southern Philippines, Sarawak and Sabah. European influence gradually brought an end to this power, and Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888.


Main article: Politics of Brunei

The sultan of Brunei, which has been from the same dynasty since the 14th century, is the head of state and head of government in Brunei. The sultan is advised by several councils and a cabinet of ministers. There is no elected legislative body.


Main article: Districts of Brunei

Brunei is divided into four districts, called daerah. These are:


Main article:
Geography of Brunei

Brunei consists of two unconnected parts; 97% of the population lives in the larger western part, only about 10,000 live in the mountainous eastern part, the district of Temburong. Major cities are the capital Bandar Seri Begawan (about 46,000 inhabitants), the port town Muara and Seria.

The climate in Brunei is tropical, with high temperatures, a high humidity and heavy rainfall.


Main article: Economy of Brunei

This small, wealthy economy is a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account for nearly half of GDP. Per capita GDP is far above most other Third World countries, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and subsidizes rice and housing. Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration in the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion although it became a more prominent player by serving as chairman for the 2000 APEC (Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation) forum. Plans for the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, and, in general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.


Main article: Demographics of Brunei

About two-thirds of the Brunei population are of Malay origin. The most important minority ethnic group are the Chinese, with about 15%. These groups also reflect the most important languages: Malay, which is the official language, and Chinese. English is also spoken.

Islam is the official religion of Brunei, and the sultan is the head of the religion in the country. Other faiths practised are Buddhism (mainly by the Chinese) and Christianity.


Main article: Culture of Brunei

The culture of Brunei is similar to Malay culture, with heavy influences from Hinduism and Islam.

See also:

Miscellaneous topics

Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.

External Links

Countries of the world  |  Asia