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The Republic of Ecuador is a country of South America.

República del Ecuador
coat of arms
(In Detail)
National motto: Libertad y Orden
(Spanish; "Liberty and Order")
Official language Spanish
Capital Quito
Largest City Guayaquil
President Lucio Gutiérrez
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 71th
283,560 km²
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 62nd
 - Date
From Spain
24 May, 1822
Currency US dollar
Time zone UTC -5
National anthem Salve, Oh Patria
Internet TLD .EC
Calling Code593

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Provinces
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links


Main article: History of Ecuador

The Republic of Ecuador was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Colombia and Venezuela).

Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors.

A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999, although Peru still occupies and claims a large portion of territory to the east of Ecuador that was once Ecuadorean territory and which Ecuador still considers to belong to Ecuador.


Main article: Politics of Ecuador

On November 24, 2002, Lucio Gutiérrez won the presidential elections. He became president on January 15, 2003.


Main article: Provinces of Ecuador

Ecuador is divided into 22 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia):

Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe


Main article: Geography of Ecuador

The capital is Quito and the largest city is Guayaquil.


Main article: Economy of Ecuador


Main article: Demographics of Ecuador


Main article: Culture of Ecuador

See also:

DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks

Miscellaneous topics

External links

Countries of the world  |  South America