1187 - Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
1535 - Jacques Cartier discovers Montreal, Quebec.
1780 - American Revolutionary War: British spy John Andre is hanged by American forces.
1835 - Texas Revolution begins: Battle of Gonzales - Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzales, Texas but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
1836 - Naturalist Charles Darwin returns to Falmouth, England aboard the HMS Beagle after a 5-year journey collecting biological data he will later use to develop his theory of evolution.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Saltville - Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia but are defeated by Confederate troops.
1889 - In Washington, DC, the first international Conference of American States begins.
1919 - US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
1924 - The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
1935 - Italy invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
1941 - World War II: Operation Typhoon - Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
1944 - Holocaust: Nazi troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
1950 - The comic stip Peanuts by Charles Schulz is first published in seven US newspapers.
1955 - The ENIAC computer is deactivated.
1955 - Alfred Hitchcock Presents debuts (last new episode aired on June 26, 1962).
1958 - Guinea declares itself independent from France.
1959 - The Twilight Zone debuts.
1962 - Johnny Carson debuts as host of The Tonight Show.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.
1968 - A peaceful student demonstration in Mexico City ends in the Tlatelolco massacre.
1990 - A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at Guangzhou, crashes into an empty Boeing 707-3J6B and then a Boeing 757-21B on the ground killing 132
1996 - The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
1996 - A Aeroperu Boeing 757 crashes in Pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff from Lima, Peru killing 70
1452 - King Richard III of England
1798 - Charles Albert of Savoy
1800 - Nat Turner, American leader of slave uprising († 1831)
1832 - Edward Burnett Tylor, anthropologist
1847 - Paul von Hindenburg, German officer and politician († 1934)
1851 - Ferdinand Foch, French soldier († 1929)
1852 - William Ramsay, Scottish chemist
1869 - Mohandas Gandhi, Indian political leader († 1948)
1871 - Cordell Hull, United States Secretary of State († 1955)
1879 - Wallace Stevens, poet († 1955)
1890 - Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor († 1977)
1895 - Bud Abbott, comedian, actor († 1974)
1901 - Alice Prin, singer/artist: "Kiki" († 1953)
1904 - Graham Greene, British novelist († 1991)
1911 - Jack Finney, author († 1995)
1928 - George McFarland, American actor
1932 - Maury Wills, baseball star
1937 - Johnnie L. Cochran Jr, attorney
1938 - Rex Reed, movie critic, actor
1943 - Franklin Rosemont, co-founder of the Surrealist Movement in the United States
1945 - Don McLean, American songwriter
1948 - Avery Brooks, actor
1948 - Donna Karan, fashion designer
1949 - Richard Hell, musician
1951 - Sting, British singer, actor
1954 - Lani O'Grady, actress († 2001)
1955 - Lorraine Bracco, actress
1961 - Edmond Yu
1967 - Frankie Fredericks, Namibian athlete
1970 - Kelly Ripa, actress, television host
1782 - Charles Lee, British and U.S officer
1853 - François Jean Dominique Arago, French mathematician
1927 - Svante Arrhenius, Swedish scientist
1962 - Boris Y. Bukreev, Soviet mathematician, dies at 103
1968 - Marcel Duchamp, French artist
1973 - Paavo Nurmi, Finnish runner
1981 - Hazel Scott, singer
1985 - Rock Hudson, actor
1998 - Gene Autry, singer, actor, entrepreneur
2003 - Gunther Philipp, Austrian comedian and actor
Holidays and observances
See also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
October 1 - October 3 - September 2 - November 2 - more historical anniversaries