Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s - 1950s - 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
Years: 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 - 1958 - 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963
January 4 - Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from its orbit (launched on October 4, 1957)
January 8 - 14 year old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship
January 28 - Charles Starkweather and Caril Ann Fugate begin their murder spree with the killings of her parents and infant sister
January 29 - Police capture Charles Starkweather in Wyoming.
January 31 - The first successful American satellite, Explorer I, is launched into orbit.
January 31 - James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt
February 1 - Egypt and Syria unite to form the United Arab Republic.
February 5 - Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated to be the first president of the United Arab Republic.
February 6 - Munich Air Disaster
February 11 - Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Zhou Enlai as Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs.
February 11 - Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African American woman hired as a flight attendant
February 23 - Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world driving champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
March 17 - The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
March 22 - Faisal becomes King of Saudi Arabia
March 26 - The United States Army launches Explorer III.
March 27 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union
April 6 - Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari divorces Muhammad Reza Shah after she is unable to produce any children.
May 12 - A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
May 13 - During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard M. Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
May 15 - The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
May 18 - An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph.
May 23 - Explorer I ceased transmission
May 30 - The bodies of unidentified soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
July 5 - First ascent of Gasherbrum I, 11th highest
July 7 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
July 14 - Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Qassim becomes the nation's new leader.
July 15 - In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to protect the pro-Western government there.
July 26 - Explorer program: Explorer IV is launched.
July 29 - The United States Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
October 1 - NASA starts operations and replaces the NACA
October 2 - Guinea declares itself independent from France.
October 11 - Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
October 28 - Angleo Giuseppe Roncalli becomes Pope and takes the name Pope John XXIII.
November 23 - Have Gun, Will Travel debuts on radio.
November 25 - French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French Community.
November 28 - Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community.
December 1 - Central African Republic becomes independent from France.
BBC Radiophonic Workshop created
During the International Geophysical Year, Earth's magnetosphere is discovered
The United States conducts Operation Argus during August and September
Year in topic
1958 in film
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
The Defiant Ones
Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo, starring Jimmy Stewart
1958 in literature
August 18 - Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita is published.
1958 in music
January 20 - Elvis Presley receives his draft notice
1958 in sports
1958 in television
Ampex demonstrates their design for a color Video Tape Recorder
January 20 - Lorenzo Lamas, actor
January 24 - Jools Holland, musician
January 26 - Ellen DeGeneres, actress, comedienne
February 11 - Michael Jackson, controller of BBC2.
February 11 - Regina Marsikova, Czechoslovakian tennis player.
February 13 - Pernilla August, actress
February 16 - Ice-T, singer, songwriter, actor
February 21 - Mary Chapin Carpenter, singer
February 24 - Sammy Kershaw, musician
March 3 - Miranda Richardson, actress
March 5 - Andy Gibb, singer (d. 1988)
March 10 - Sharon Stone, actress
March 14 - Prince Albert of Monaco
March 20 - Holly Hunter, actress
March 21 - Gary Oldman, actor
April 3 - Alec Baldwin, actor
April 21 - Andie MacDowell, actress
May 16 - Amp Fiddler, musician (P Funk)
May 20 - Ron Reagan, dancer, talk show host, son of former President Ronald Reagan
May 23 - Drew Carey comedian, actor
May 27 - Neil Finn, New Zealand singer and songwriter
May 27 - Wayne Williams, murderer in Atlanta
July 28 - Terry Fox, cancer activist
August 7 - Bruce Dickinson, English heavy metal musician
October 5 - Bernie Mac. Actor, comedian.
October 14 - Thomas Dolby, English rock musician
October 16 - Tim Robbins, American actor
December 6 - Nick Park, film-maker and animator
January 11 - Edna Purviance, actress
January 30 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist
February 4 - Henry Kuttner, science fiction author
February 13 - Christabel Pankhurst, suffragette
March 21 - Cyril M. Kornbluth, science fiction writer
March 22 - Michael Todd, producer
March 28 - W.C. Handy - Blues composer
May 19 - Ronald Colman, actor
July 14 - King Faisal II of Iraq and most of his family
August 14 - Frédéric Joliot, scientist
December 15 - Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, physicist
Physics - Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm
Chemistry - Frederick Sanger
Medicine - George Wells Beadle, Edward Lawrie Tatum, Joshua Lederberg
Literature - Boris Leonidovich Pasternak
Peace - George Henri Pire\n