Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s
Years: 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 - 1949 - 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954
January 5 - U.S. President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program.
January 11 - Los Angeles, California receives its first recorded snowfall .
January 25 - The first Emmy Awards are presented at the Hollywood Athletic Club.
January 25 - In the first Israeli election, David Ben-Gurion becomes Prime Minister.
January 26 - Australian Citizenship comes into being.
February 8 - Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary is sentenced to life inprisonment for treason against the Hungarian Communist government.
February 12 - The Vatican announces the excommunication of all persons involved in the trial and conviction of Cardinal Mindszenty.
February 14 - The Knesset (Israeli parliament) first convenes.
February 19 - Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.
March 2 - The B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II lands in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight.
March 3 - The Tucker automobile Corporation folds.
March 28 - United States Secretary of Defense James Forrestal resigns suddenly.
April 1 - Newfoundland joins Canada.
April 1 - Southern Ireland leaves the Commonwealth and becomes the Republic of Ireland
April 4 - NATO is formed.
April 18 - Eire formally became the Republic of Ireland.
June - EDSAC, the first stored-program computer, begins operation at Cambridge University.
May 9 - Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco.
May 11 - Israel is admitted to the U.N as its 59th member.
May 11 - Siam changes its name to Thailand.
May 12 - Cold War: The Soviet Union lifts its Blockade of Berlin.
May 20 - The AFSA (predecessor of the NSA) is established.
May 22 - After two months in Bethesda Naval Hospital, James Forrestal commits suicide, under circumstances that seem suspicious to many.
May 23 - The Federal Republic of Germany is established.
August 5 - In Ecuador an earthquake destroys 50 towns and kills more than 6000.
August 8 - Bhutan becomes independent
August 29 - Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb.
September 6 - Allied military authorities relinquish control of former Nazi Germany assets back to German control.
September 29 - First Plenary Session of the National People's Congress approves design for the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
September 29 - Mrs. Iva Toguri D'Aquino is found guilty of brodcasting for Japan as "Tokyo Rose" during World War II.
October 1 - Birth of the People's Republic of China.
November 26 - The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts India's constitution. 
December 27 - Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants Indonesia sovereignty.
The Fourth Geneva Convention is signed.
Year in topic
1949 in film
February 10 - Death of a Salesman opens (Morosco Theatre in New York City).
All the King's Men
Twelve O'Clock High
Sands of Iwo Jima starring John Wayne
1949 in literature
1949 in music
1949 in sports
March 1 - World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis announces his retirement from boxing.
A form of drag racing, using a hand-held stop watch for timing, begins on the Bonneville Salt Flats.
Red Byron won the inaugural NASCAR Championship.
1949 in television
January 3 - Colgate Theatre premieres on NBC.
January 11 - A 2 hour special on all networks celebrates the linking of the eastern and midwestern networks via coaxial cable
January 17 - The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, airs.
January 31 - The first Emmy Awards are presented and broadcasted on television from Los Angeles
May - The first telethon, benefitting the Damon Runyon Cancer Fund, is hosted by Milton Berle and lasts for 24 hours
August 25 - RCA announces the development of a compatible color TV system.
December 29 - KC2XAK of Bridgeport, Connecticut becomes the first Ultra high frequency (UHF) television station to operate a daily schedule.
January 8 - Wolfgang Puck, celebrity chef
January 10 - George Foreman, boxer
January 10 - James Lapine, stage director
January 10 - Linda Lovelace, pornographic film actress (+ 2002)
January 12 - Wayne Wang, director
January 13 - Brandon Tartikoff, television executive (+ 1997)
January 14 - Lawrence Kasdan, director, screenwriter
January 17 - Andy Kaufman, comedian (+ 1984)
January 18 - Philippe Starck, French designer
January 19 - Robert Palmer, singer, guitarist
January 20 - Göran Persson, prime minister of Sweden.
January 24 - John Belushi, actor (+ 1982)
February 11 - Charlie Hargrett, rock guitarist.
February 18 - Gary Ridgway, accused of being the Green River Killer
February 19 - Dan Bunten, software developer (+ 1998)
February 22 - Niki Lauda, Formula One driver
March 2 - Eddie Money, singer
March 13 - Julia Migenes, soprano
March 16 - Erik Estrada, actor
March 17 - Patrick Duffy, actor
March 22 - Fanny Ardant, actress
March 23 - Ric Ocasek, musician ("The Cars")
March 24 - Nick Lowe, musician
March 26 - Patrick Süskind, writer (The Perfume)
March 30 - Lene Lovich, singer
April 1 - Gil Scott-Heron, musician, composer
April 3 - Richard Thompson, musician, songwriter
April 7 - John Oates, musician ("Hall and Oates")
April 16 - Sandy Hawley, jockey
May 9 - Billy Joel, American musician
May 18 - Rick Wakeman, musician ("Yes"), composer
May 18 - Bill Wallace, musician The Guess Who, Winnipeg
May 26 - Philip Michael Thomas, actor
May 26 - Hank Williams Jr, singer
May 31 - Tom Berenger, actor
June 21 - Jane Urquhart, Canadian author
July 15 - Carl Bildt, former prime minister of Sweden.
August 12 - Mark Knopfler, musician
August 15 - Richard Deacon, sculptor
August 25 - Martin Amis, novelist
September 7 - Lee McGeorge Durrell author, television presenter, zookeeper
September 7 - Gloria Gaynor, singer
September 23 - Bruce Springsteen, singer, songwriter
October 1 - Isaac Bonewits, author, occultist.
November 6 - Arturo Sandoval, Jazz preformer
November 24 - Nicholas Richard Ainger, British politician
December 3 - John Akii-Bua Ugandan hurdler
December 4 - Jeff Bridges, actor
December 4 - Pamela Stephenson, Comedienne, actress and singer
December 7 - Tom Waits, singer, composer, actor
December 22 - Maurice Gibb, musician (The Bee Gees) (+ 2003)
December 22 - Robin Gibb, musician (The Bee Gees)
Judi Bari, activist (+ 1997)
Tomaž Pisanski, mathematician
January 6 - Victor Fleming, director
January 11 - Nelson Doubleday, U.S. book publisher
January 14 - Joaquín Turina, composer
January 28 - Jean-Pierre Wimille, race car driver
May 9 - Louis II of Monaco
May 22 - James Forrestal, US secretary of Navy, Defense
June 10 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author
July 12 - Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland
July 18- Vitezslav Novák, composer
October 27 - Marcel Cerdan, World Champion Boxer
December 16 - Sidney Olcott, pioneer film director
Bhattacharya, K C
The Nobel Prize in 1949 was approx. $ 30,000
Physics - Hideki Yukawa
Chemistry - William Francis Giauque
Medicine - Walter Rudolf Hess, Antonio Caetano De Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
Literature - William Faulkner?
Peace - Lord John Boyd Orr of Brechin