Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s
Years: 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 - 1869 - 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874
Invention of barbed wire, see ranching.
May 10 - Transcontinental Railroad completed at Promontory, Utah.
May 15 - Woman's suffrage: In New York, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman's Suffrage Association.
August 4/12 - Emperor Norton I of the United States abolished both the Democratic and Republican parties.
October 16 - England's first residential college for women, Girton College, is founded.
November 4 - The first issue of scientific journal Nature is published.
November 6 - The first intercollegiate American football game is played. Rutgers defeats Princeton, 6 to 4.
November 17 - In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated in an elaborate ceremony.
November 23 - In Dumbarton, Scotland the clipper ship Cutty Sark is launched (it was one of the last clipper ships to be built, and the only one surviving to the present day).
Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Andrew Johnson as President of the United States of America.
Fire burns down about 75% of Hancock, Michigan
Mahbub Ali Pasha begins a 42 year reign as Nizam of Hyderabad
James Bennet of the New York Herald, asks Henry Morton Stanley to go and find Dr Livingstone, despite him not being lost or in difficulty.
The Meiji Emperor of Japan accepts the surrender of the four most powerful clans (Choshu, Tosa, Hizen and Satsuma) and reappoints the clan chiefs as Provincial Governers, on reduced revenues
Year in topic
1869 in literature
January 10 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian mystic.
February 11 - Helene Kroller-Muller Dutch museum founder and patron of the arts.
February 14 - Charles Wilson, physicist
March 5 - Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal and archbishop (d. 1952)
March 14 - Algernon Blackwood, writer (d. 1951)
March 18 - Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
March 21 - Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer (+ 1932)
April 8 - Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (+ 1939)
April 11 - Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor
May 14 - Friedrich Karl Kleine, physician (d. 1951)
August 10 - Lawrence Binyon, poet and scholar
September 2 - Fritz Pregl, chemist (Nobel prize 1923)
September 23 - Mary Mallon, Irish domestic servant and cook , later famous carrier of Typhoid fever.
October 2 - Mohandas Gandhi, Indian politician
November 9 - Marie Dressler, Academy Award winning actress (d. 1934)
December 31 - Henri Matisse, painter
March 8 - Hector Berlioz, French composer
April 20 - Carl Loewe, composer