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Guangzhou (廣州 or 广州 pinyin guang3 zhou1) is the capital of the Guangdong Province in southern China. It was formerly known as Canton (named after the province).

The Chinese abbreviation of Guangzhou is Yue (粵 or 粤 yuè), like Guangdong Province. According to 1999 data, the population of the city was 6.85 million, urban population was 4.05 million.

Table of contents
1 Administration
2 History
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Miscellaneous
6 Footnotes
7 External link


Guangzhou has direct jurisdiction over eight districts and four cities: Yuexiu District, Dongshan District, Liwan District, Haizhu District, Tianhe District, Baiyun District, Huangpu District, Fangcun District, Huadu City, Conghua City, Zengcheng City, Panyu City.


Guangzhou was sacked by Arabs ¹ and Persians in AD 758, ² based on a local Guangzhou government report on October 30 758, which corresponded to the day of Guisi (癸巳) of the ninth lunar month in the first year of the Qianyuan era of Emperor Su Zong of Tang Dynasty. ³

In 1711, the British East India Company established a trading post in Guangzhou.

Guangzhou was one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened by the Treaty of Nanjing (signed in 1842) at the end of the First Opium War between United Kingdom and China. The other ports were Fuzhou, Xiamen, Ningbo and Shanghai.


Guangzhou is located at 112°57'E to 114°3'E and 22°26'N to 23°56'N. The Municipality is part of the Pearl River Delta.


The Pearl River Delta is one of mainland China's leading economic regions and a massive manufacturing centre.

Guangzhou's main airport is Baiyun International Airport, a hub for China Southern Airlines.


Colleges and universities


¹ Frank Welsh, A Borrowed Place: The History of Hong Kong, Maya Rao (editor), p. 13. [1]
² Joseph Needham, Science & Civilization in China, 1, pp.179 - Cambridge University Press 1954
³ Sima Guang, Zizhi Tongjian, ch. 220.

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