January 16 - Louis St. Laurent is replaced by Lester B. Pearson as leader of the Liberal Party
March 31 - John Diefenbaker leads the Tory party to a massive election victory.
May 12 - The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
July 1 - Canada-wide television broadcasting starts
July 16 - Duff Roblin sworn in as premier of Manitoba
Spring Hill Mine Disaster occurs
Department of Physical Education started at the University of Saskatchewan
Golden Retriever Club of Canada is founded
Grey Cup - Winnipeg Blue Bombers win 35-28 over the Hamilton Tiger-Cats
Stanley Cup - Montreal Canadiens win 4-2 over the Boston Bruins
Springhill, Nova Scotia coal mine disaster happens. Seventy-four miners killed.
Arts and Literature
John Kenneth Gailbraith's The Afluent Society
Farley Mowat's Coppermine Journey: An Account of a Great Adventure
Antonine Maillet's first novel Pointe-aux-Coques
See 1958 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Stephen Leacock Award: Eric Nicol, Girdle Me A Globe
Morley Callaghan's Now That April's Here is made into a feature film
Allan Dwan directs his last film Enchanted Island
Paul Anka has four hit singles and becomes one of the most popular singers in the world
June 24 - Jean Charest, politician
July 28 - Terry Fox, runner, Cancer advocate
Robert Service - poet