1919 - Mustafa Kemal Ataturk moved to Samsun from Istanbul by an old ship called Bandirma with his few friends to work separately from Ottoman Government in order to prepare the nation to the Independence War.
1961 - Venera program: Venera 1 becomes the first manmade object to fly-by another planet by passing Venus (however the probe had lost contact with earth a month earlier and did not send back any data).
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