Götaland, or "Geatland", is a historical land of Sweden, and was a separate kingdom, before Sweden was unified. Geographically it is located in the south of Sweden, bounded to the north by Svealand. The inhabitants were called Geats, or Götar. Deep woods constitute the borders to Svealand in the North like to Danish Terra Scania in the South.
In the Treaty of Roskilde (1658), the Danish kingdom ceded Terra Scania and Bahusia to Sweden. Skåneland, which had constituted the eastern part of Denmark, became the Swedish provinces of Scania, Hallandia and Blechingia. The new provinces are also seen as belonging to Götaland.
The island of Gotland shifted hands between Sweden and Denmark several times. Although the island may be percieved to have closer links to Svealand, it's actually counted to Götaland.
In the early 19th century the province of Wermelandia did for a time belong to the Court of Appeal for Svealand. Even though Värmland historically was a part of Götaland, it is now by custom counted to Svealand.