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Eight Immortals

The Eight Immortals (八仙 in pinyin: ba1 xian1; in Wade-Giles: pa hsien) are Chinese deities who are represented as a group and rarely individually. Each Immortal's power can be transferred to a tool of power (法器) that can give life or destroy evil. Together, these eight tools are called "Covert Eight Immortals" (暗八仙 an4 ~). Most of them are said have born in Tang Dynasty or Song Dynasty. Not only are they worshipped by the Daoists, but they are a popular element in the secular Chinese culture. They live on Penglai Mountain-Island.

The Immortals are:

For their names in Chinese characters and Wade-Giles, see the individual pages in the list above.

In Literature

The Immortals are the subject of many artistic creation, like paintings and sculptures. Examples of writings about them include:


Established in Song Dynasty, the Xi'an temple Eight Immortals Palace (八仙宮), formerly Eight Immortals Nunnery (八仙庵), where statues of the Immortals can be found in the Hall of Eight Immortals (八仙殿). (For photos, see external link below). In Mu-cha (木柵 mu4 zha4), Taipei County, Taiwan, there is a temple called South Palace (南宮), nicknamed Eight Immortal Temple (八仙廟 ~ miao4).

There are other less famous sets of Eight Immortals:

Located in central Taiwan, Pa-hsien Mountain (八仙山 ba1 xian1 shan1), or Eight Immortals Mountain, is a branch of Yü Shan. Its height is 2448 metres, which is around 8000 Taiwanese metres (台尺). The pronunciation of eight thousand (baqian) and eight immortals are similar in Chinese, hence the name.

One of the three major logging stations in Taiwan used to be in the forest. There is an amusement park located on the part of the mountain that is located in Ho-p'ing Township (和平鄉 he2 ping2 xiang1), Taichung County. It is estimated that there are 59 native birds and 5 migratory birdss.\n