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Sculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression.

Sculpting is the art of assembling or shaping an object. It may be of any size and of any suitable material.

A tree sculpture at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. This has been sculpted, with a chain saw, from a standing tree. The tree was diseased and would otherwise have been felled.

Table of contents
1 Traditional materials
2 Contemporary materials
3 Forms
4 Sculptors
5 Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd
6 Nudity
7 See also
8 External links

Traditional materials

Traditional sculpting materials are:

Contemporary materials

Modern and contemporary materials include:

Image of a sculpture
In his late writings, Joan Miro even proposed that some day sculptures might be made of gases; see gas sculpture.

Perhaps the least elitist of these media is sand, as it is used by young and old to create sand castles.


Some of the forms of sculpture are:

Perhaps the majority of public art is sculpture.

Surrealism described as "involuntary sculpture" those made by absent-mindedly manipulating something, such as rolling and unrolling a movie ticket, bending a paper clip, and so forth.


Sculptors include the Classical Greek masters, through Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance masters, to modern sculptors such as Henry Moore and Felix de Weldon.

Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd

The Australian copyright case of Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd (1990) 17 IPR 417 is authority for the proposition that a thing not intended to be a sculpture is not a sculpture. This seems contrary to some famous examples of sculpture, including Marcel Duchamp's 1917 sculpture consisting of a porcelain urinal lying on its back, entitled "Fountain", and Carl Andre's sculpture "Equivalent III" exhibited in the Tate Gallery in 1978, consisting of bricks stacked in a rectangle.


Nude sculptures are more common and accepted than public nudity of real people, see Nudity#Nudity in the Media.

See also

External links