Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s 1800s - 1810s - 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s
Years: 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 - 1814 - 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819
January 14 - Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden
January 29 - French army of Emperor Napoleon I wins the Battle of Brienne
January 31 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
February - Congress of Chatillon - see George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
February 1 - Mayon Volcano, in the Philippines, erupts, killing around 1,200 people; most devastating eruption of Mayon Volcano
February 11 - Norway's independence is proclaimed, marking the ultimate end of the Kalmar Union
February 14 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Vauchamps
February 18 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Montereau
March 7 - Napoleon wins the Battle of Craonne
March 9 - the third USS Enterprise reaches Wilmington, North Carolina, returning from the Caribbean.
March 10 - Napoleon is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
March 27 - War of 1812: In northern Alabama, United States forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
April 4 or April 6 - Emperor Napoleon abdicates.
April 10 - the Duke of Wellington wins the Battle of Toulouse
May 17 - Norway's new constitution
May 17 - Occupation of Monaco changes from French to Austrian hands.
May 30 - The First Treaty of Paris is signed returning France's borders to their 1792 extent. Napoleon I of France is exiled to Elba on the same day.
July 5 - War of 1812: Battle of Chippewa - American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippewa, Ontario.
July 24 - War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward Niagara Falls, Ontario to halt Jacob Brown's American invaders.
July 25 - War of 1812: Battle of Lundy's Lane - Reinforcements arrive near Niagara Falls, Ontario for General Riall's British and Canadian force, and bloody, all-night battle with Jacob Brown's Americanss commences at 18.00; Americans retreat to Fort Erie.
August 13 - signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814
September 11 - USS Ticonderoga is victorious in the Battle of Lake Champlain
November 28 - London Times newspaper becomes the first to be printed on a steam-powered press.
December 24 - peace treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812 between United States and Britain.
George Stephenson designs his first locomotive Blutcher
Alexandria, Virginia is threatened by the British fleet and pays $100,000 for immunity from attack.
John Abernethy appointed lecturer in anatomy to the Royal College of Surgeons
John Keats leaves apprenticeship to become a student at a local hospital
Sir Walter Scott writes Waverley
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
'1814 in literature:'\
January 27 - Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, French architect
May 30 - Michael Bakunin, anarchist (+ 1876)
August 28 - Sheridan le Fanu, Irish writer
November 6 - Adolphe Sax, instrument maker, inventor of the saxophone
January 27 - Philip Astley, the father of modern circus
March 28 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, inventor of the guillotine
May 29 - Josephine de Beauharnais, Empress of France
August 31 - Arthur Phillip, the first governor of New South Wales, Australia
October 19 - Mercy Otis Warren, American playwright
November 23 - Elbridge Gerry, Vice President of the United States of America, died in office
December 2 - Donatien Alphonse Francois de Sade
Heads of states
Denmark - Frederick VI King of Denmark (1808-1839), and King of Norway (1808-1814)
France - Napoléon I Emperor of France (1804-1814)
Ottoman Empire - Mahmud II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1808-1839)
Prussia - Frederick William III King of Prussia (1797-1840)
Russia - Alexander I Tsar of Russia (1801-1825)