YorkThis is about York in England. For articles about other uses of the name York, see York (disambiguation).
is a city in the north of England
, on the River Ouse
, near its confluence with the River Foss
. In 1991 the city had a population of 123,126, its geographic coordinates
are 53°57' North, 1°05' West.
York is the traditional county town of Yorkshire - which takes its name. Now it is a part of a unitary authority named City of York which is surrounded by North Yorkshire.
York is dubbed the "eternal city" and is renowned for its history which is preserved in the city's buildings. Since Roman
times, York has been the main city in the north of England. For the Romans it was a major military base, named Eboracum
, after the Brythonic Efrawg
. Emperor Septimius Severus
died there in 211
AD, and Constantius Chlorus
, the father of Constantine I
, died there in 306
On March 16, 1190 a mob of townsfolk massacred the Jews of York. The Jews were driven to the fortified Clifford's Tower where they committed mass suicide rather than die at the hands of their attackers. It is said that the stone walls of the tower turned red with their blood.
The Anglo-Saxons called the city Eoferwic or Eoforwic. The Vikings called the city Jorvik. In modern Welsh it is known as Efrog, in Irish Gaelic as Eabhrac, and in Scottish Gaelic as Iorc.
York Minster is the largest medieval cathedral in England, and dominates the city's skyline, while surrounding York's centre are the city walls, built by Henry III in 1220.
York is very popular among tourists. One popular attraction is the Shambles, an old street with overhanging timber-built shops, now occupied by souvenir shops as opposed to butchers. York is also home to numerous Ghost Walks where tourists can learn about York's folklore.
York is also noted for its wealth of pubs. The York area is said to contain one pub for every day of the year, although this is now a little exaggerated. It is said, with perhaps a touch of poetic licence, that there is no point within the city walls where one can stand and not be able to see at least one pub and at least one church.
York has one football team in the English league: York City. Since the 1960s, it has also boasted one of the country's leading universities: the University of York. The York area is served by a local newspaper, the Yorkshire Evening Press.
Places of interest
- Archaeological Resource Centre, York
- Bar Convent Museum
- Barley Hall
- Clifford's Tower
- Jorvik, The Viking City
- Micklegate Bar Museum
- National Railway Museum
- National Centre for Early Music
- Treasurer's House
- York Castle Museum
- York City Art Gallery
- The York Dungeons
- York Minster
- Yorkshire Museum
Districts of York
- Tang Hall