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European languages

Most of the many indigenous languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. The scope of this article also includes languages spoken outside of continental Europe that belong to European language families (such as Afrikaans).

Table of contents
1 Basque
2 Caucasian languages
3 Constructed languages
4 Finno-Ugric languages
5 Indo-European languages
6 Others of note


The Basque language of the northern Iberian Peninsula is a language isolate, and as such is not closely related to any other language.

Caucasian languages

Constructed languages

These languages were artificially created ("planned").

Finno-Ugric languages

The Finno-Ugric languages are a subfamily of the
Uralic language family.

Indo-European languages

Most European languages are Indo-European languages. This large language-family is decended from a common language that was spoken thousands of years ago, which is referred to as Proto Indo-European.



Baltic languages

Celtic languages


Goidelic (Gaelic)

Germanic languages

North Germanic languages

West Germanic languages

East Germanic languages

Italic languages

Romance languages

The Romance languages decended from the
Vulgar Latin spoken across most of the lands of the Roman Empire.

Slavic languages

West Slavic languages

East Slavic languages

South Slavic languages

not yet classified, lists very incomplete

Others of note

These are languages of non-European origins which are spoken in parts of Europe.

See also European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages