1519 - Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlan and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great pomp as would befit a returning god.
1520 - Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces under the command of Christian II of Denmark results in the execution of around 100 persons (mostly nobility and clergy involved in the previous Swedish war effort).
1576 - Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - The States-General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
1793 - In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum.
1861 - American Civil War: The "Trent Affair" – The USS San Jacinto stops the United Kingdom mailship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, James Mason and John Slidell, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.
1864 - U.S. presidential election, 1864: Abraham Lincoln is reelected in an overwhelming victory over George McClellan.
1889 - Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
1892 - U.S. presidential election, 1892: Grover Cleveland is elected over Benjamin Harrison and James B. Weaver to win the second of his non-consecutive terms.
1895 - While experimenting with electricity Wilhelm Röntgen discovers x-rays.
1923 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
1932 - U.S. presidential election, 1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Herbert Hoover in a landslide victory.
1933 - Great Depression: New Deal - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
1935 - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress for Industrial Organization (CIO), an organization charged with pushing the cause for industrial unionism.
1935 Fernand Bouisson becomes Prime Minister of France
1939 - Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
1939 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
1942 - World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
1950 - Korean War: While in an F-80, United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown intercepts two North Korean MiG-15s near the Yalu River and shots them down in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.
1960 - U.S. presidential election, 1960: In a close race, John F. Kennedy is elected over Richard M. Nixon, becoming the youngest man to hold that office.
1965 - The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands (on June 23, 1976 Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches were returned to Seychelles).
1965 - The soap opera Days of Our Lives debuts.
1966 - Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African-American elected to the United States Senate.
1974 - In Salt Lake City, Utah, Carol DaRonch narrowly escapes abduction by serial killer Ted Bundy.
1987 - Enniskillen massacre: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead, killing eleven people.
1988 - U.S. presidential election, 1988: George H. W. Bush is elected over Michael Dukakis.
1994 - Georgia Representative Newt Gingrich leads the United States Republican Party in taking control of both the House of Representatives and the Senate in midterm congressional elections: the first time in 40 years the Republicans secured control of both houses of Congress).
2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences".
35- Nerva, Roman emperor
1622 - Charles X Gustav, king of Sweden
1656 - Edmond Halley, British astronomer, mathematician
1836 - Milton Bradley, manufacturer, lithographer, game maker († 1911)
1847 - Bram Stoker, Irish novelist ("Dracula") († 1912)
1848 - Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician
1866 - Herbert Austin, automobile pioneer (Austin-Healey)
1868 - Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician
1883 - Arnold Bax, composer
1884 - Hermann Rorschach, psychiatrist
1893 - Clarence Williams, American Jazz pianist and composer
1898 - Marie Prevost, actress († 1937)
1900 - Margaret Mitchell, American author († 1949)
1900 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete
1907 - Katherine Hepburn, American actress († 2003)
1914 - Norman Lloyd, actor
1918 - Hermann Zapf, German designer
1919 - P.L. Deshpande, Indian author
1920 - Esther Rolle, actress († 1998)
1922 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon
1927 - Patti Page, singer
1927 - Nguyen Khanh, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
1931 - Morley Safer, journalist
1931 - Darla Hood, actress († 1979)
1935 - Alain Delon, actor
1949 - Bonnie Raitt, American singer
1953 - Alfre Woodard, actress
1954 - Jeanette McGruder, musician (P Funk)
1954 - Rickie Lee Jones, singer, composer
1968 - Parker Posey, actress
2003 - Lady Louise Windsor, daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
911 - Louis the Child, last Carolingian ruler of the East Franks
955 - Pope Agapetus II
1226 - Louis VIII of France
1674 - John Milton, English poet
1887 - Doc Holliday, dentist, gunfighter
1890 - César Franck, composer and organist
1953 - John van Melle, Dutch/South African author
1959 - Charles Starkweather, murderer (execution by electric chair)
1978 - Norman Rockwell, American illustrator
1986 - Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet politician
1990 - Anya Seton, American author
1998 - Rumer Godden, novelist
1998 - Jean Marais, actor
2002 - James Coburn, actor
2002 - Rudolf Noelte, theatre director
2002 - Jost Schillemeit, literature researcher
Holidays and observances
November 7 - November 9 - October 8 - December 8 -- listing of all dates
See Also: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December