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List of state capitals and former capital cities in the United States

This is a list of the current capitals of U.S. states, as well as a few of the former capital cities (legislature or government seat) of states, territories, colonies, or kingdoms within today's United States. A few of these were temporary, until the permanent location was chosen or built. Sorted by state and date.

St. Stephens, Alabama territorial capital (1817-1819)
Cahawba, Alabama 1820-1826
Tuscaloosa, Alabama 1826-1846
Montgomery, Alabama current
Juneau, Alaska current
Prescott, Arizona territorial capital (-1867; 1877-1889)
Tucson, Arizona territorial capital (1867-1877)
Phoenix, Arizona current
Little Rock, Arkansas current
Monterey, California capital under Spanish and Mexican rule
San Jose, California -1851
Vallejo, California 1851-
Benicia, California 1853-1854
Sacramento, California current
Golden, Colorado territorial capital (1862-1867)
Denver, Colorado current
Hartford, Connecticut current
New Castle, Delaware Delaware State ( -1777)
Dover, Delaware current
Tallahassee, Florida current
Savannah, Georgia (colonial)
Augusta, Georgia
Louisville, Georgia
Milledgeville, Georgia 1803-1868
Atlanta, Georgia current
Lahaina, Hawaii capital of the Kingdom ( -1840)
Honolulu, Hawaii current
Boise, Idaho current
Kaskaskia, Illinois 1818-1819
Vandalia, Illinois 1819-1839
Springfield, Illinois current
Vincennes, Indiana territorial capital (1800-1813)
Corydon, Indiana -1821
Indianapolis, Indiana current
Iowa City, Iowa -1852
Des Moines, Iowa current
Pawnee near Fort Riley, Kansas territorial capital
Topeka, Kansas current
Frankfort, Kentucky current
New Orleans, Louisiana 1812-1849 except 1830; 1865-1880
Donaldsonville, Louisiana 1830
Opelousas, Louisiana 1862 in war
Shreveport, Louisiana 1863
Baton Rouge, Louisiana current
Portland, Maine 1820-1832
Augusta, Maine current
St. Mary's City, Maryland colonial times ( -1694)
Annapolis, Maryland current (initially named Anne Arundel Town)
Boston, Massachusetts current
Lansing, Michigan current
Saint Paul, Minnesota current
Natchez, Mississippi territorial capital
Washington near Natchez, Mississippi
Jackson, Mississippi current (renamed from LeFleur's Bluff)
Saint Charles, Missouri 1821-1825
Marshall, Texas Civil War Capital of exiled pro-confederate state officials and ousted Governor of Missouri
Jefferson City, Missouri current
Bannack, Montana territorial capital
Virginia City, Montana territorial capital (1864-1875)
Helena, Montana current
Lincoln, Nebraska current
Carson City, Nevada current
Concord, New Hampshire current
Trenton, New Jersey current
Santa Fe, New Mexico current
Kingston, New York (1777)
Poughkeepsie, New York (1777-)
New York, New York (1789-1797)
Albany, New York current
New Bern, North Carolina -1794
Raleigh, North Carolina current
Bismarck, North Dakota current and capital Dakota territory (1883-1889)
Chillicothe, Ohio 1803-1810; 1812-1816
Zanesville, Ohio 1810-1812
Columbus, Ohio current
Guthrie, Oklahoma 1907-1910
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma current
Oregon City, Oregon territorial capital (-1851)
Corvallis, Oregon territorial capital (1855)
Salem, Oregon current
Lancaster, Pennsylvania 1799-1812
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania current
Providence, Rhode Island current
Charleston, South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina current
Yankton South Dakota capital Dakota territory (1861-1883)
Pierre, South Dakota current
Knoxville, Tennessee 1796-1812; 18..
Murfreesboro, Tennessee 1819-1826
Nashville, Tennessee current
Washington, Texas first capital of the Republic of Texas, today called Washington-on-the-Brazos
Galveston, Texas temporary capital of the Republic of Texas
Harrisburg, Texas temporary capital of the Republic of Texas
Velasco, Texas temporary capital of the Republic of Texas
Columbia, Texas temporary capital of the Republic of Texas, today called West Columbia
Houston, Texas capital of the Republic of Texas from 1837 to 1839
Austin, Texas current
Fillmore, Utah territorial capital
Salt Lake City, Utah current
Montpelier, Vermont current
Williamsburg, Virginia colonial capital (intially Middle Plantation)
Richmond, Virginia current (also capital of the Confederate States of America)
Olympia, Washington current (1889- ) and territorial capital (1853-1889)
Charleston, West Virginia current
Belmont, Wisconsin territorial capital
Madison, Wisconsin current
Cheyenne, Wyoming current

See also: List of capitals of subnational entities, List of historical national capitals

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