Springfield is the capital of Illinois, a state of the United States of America. As of the 2000 census, its population is 111,454. It is the county seat of Sangamon County.
Geography\nSpringfield is located at 39°46'60" North, 89°39'1" West (39.783250, -89.650373)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 156.2 km² (60.3 mi²). 139.9 km² (54.0 mi²) of it is land and 16.3 km² (6.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 10.46% water.
Demographics\nAs of the census of 2000, there are 111,454 people, 48,621 households, and 27,957 families residing in the city. The population density is 796.9/km² (2,063.9/mi²). There are 53,733 housing units at an average density of 384.2/km² (995.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 81.01% White, 15.34% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.45% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 48,621 households out of which 27.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% are married couples living together, 12.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% are non-families. 36.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.24 and the average family size is 2.94.
In the city the population is spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $39,388, and the median income for a family is $51,298. Males have a median income of $36,864 versus $28,867 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,324. 11.7% of the population and 8.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 17.3% are under the age of 18 and 7.7% are 65 or older.