is the raising of cattle
on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk
. It is a usage of the Western United States
and Latin America
Historically, there was a period on the Frontier after the removal of the buffalo and the Native Americans and before the coming of the homesteaders when ranching was the dominant activity. The public lands on the Great Plains were open range and anyone could turn cattle loose on them. Barbed wire, invented in 1869, was gradually employed to fence off privately-owned land especially by homesteaders and ranching became limited to lands of little use for farming.
Ranching is part of the iconography of Western Film.
- Vestey Group - major cattle ranching and interests in Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela.
- Breaking Clean, Judy Blunt, Knopf, 2002, hardcover, ISBN 0375401318
- This was Cattle Ranching: Yesterday and Today, Virginia Paul, Superior Publishing Company, Seattle, Washington, 1973
- Heart-Diamond Kathy L. Greenwood, University of North Texas Press, 1989, hardback, ISBN 0-929398-08-4