Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s
Years: 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 - 1860 - 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865
April 3 - The Pony Express makes its first run.
Victor Emmanuel, king of Sardinia seizes the whole of the Papal States besides Rome (see Vatican City) and unites Italy.
Robert Wilhelm Bunsen discovers Cesium and Rubidium (see Discovery of the chemical elements)
September 7 - Lady Elgin is accidentally rammed and sunk in Lake Michigan, hundreds drown.
October - John Hanning Speke and James Augustus Grant leave Zanzibar to search for source of the Nile.
November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1860: Abraham Lincoln beats John C. Breckinridge and is elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.
December 29 - The first British seagoing ironclad warship, the HMS Warrior is launched.
Vladivostok, Russia is founded.
Year in topic
1860 in literature
Mason Jackson becomes art editor of the Illustrated London News.
1860 in sports
Willie Park wins the first British Open golf tournament.
First running of the Queen's Plate in Toronto, Ontario, North America's oldest thoroughbred horse race.
January 1 - George Washington Carver, educator, activist, botanist
January 11 - Marie Bashkirtseff, artist
January 25 - Charles Curtis, American vice-president (+ 1936)
January 29 - William Jacob Baer, American painter (+ 1941)
January 29 - Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright and short story writer (+ 1904)
February 11 - Rachilde (Marguerite Vallette-Eymery), French author
February 29 - Herman Hollerith, inventor of the first electric tabulating machine.
March 13 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer
March 19 - William Jennings Bryan, American politician
May 9 - J. M. Barrie, author (+ 1937)
May 25 - James McKeen Cattell, first professor of psychology in U.S.
May 29 - Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer
July 3 - Charlotte Perkins Gilman, feminist writer (+ 1935)
July 7 - Gustav Mahler, composer
July 19 - Lizzie Borden, murder suspect
September 13 - John Pershing, American general
John Coughlin, Chicago alderman
Frederick George Jackson, British Arctic explorer (+ 1938)
Albert Giraud, Belgian poet (+ 1929)
Lancelot Speed, illustrator (+ 1931)
January 27 - János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematican
Sir Charles Barry, English architect\n