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Alternate uses: Maryland (disambiguation)

(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Old Line State; Free State

Other U.S. States
Capital Annapolis
Largest City Baltimore
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 42nd
32,160 kmē
25,338 kmē
6,968 kmē
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 17th
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

April 28, 1788
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
37°53'N to 39°43'N
75°4'W to 79°33'W
145 km
400 km
1,024 meters
105 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-MD

Maryland (MD) is a state in the east of the United States. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is MD. Its Associated Press abbreviation is Md.

USS Maryland was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Military Facilities
6 Transit
7 Demographics
8 Important Cities and Towns
9 Counties
10 Education
11 Professional sports teams
12 Miscellaneous information
13 External links


The English colony of Maryland was founded by Lord Baltimore who on March 25, 1634 led the first settlers into this area which would soon become one of the few dominantly Catholic regions among the English colonies in America. The Maryland toleration act was one of the first laws that explicitly tolerated varieties of religion (as long as it was Christian), and is sometimes seen as a precursor to the First Amendment.

Originally, based on an incorrect map, the royal charter granted Maryland the Potomac River and territory northward to the fortieth parallel. This was found to be a problem, because the northern boundary would put Philadelphia, the major city in Pennsylvania, within Maryland. The Calvert family, which controlled Maryland, and the Penn family, which controlled Pennsylvania, engaged two surveyors, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, to survey what became known as the Mason-Dixon line which would form the boundary between their two colonies.

St. Marie's City was the largest site of the original Maryland colony, and was the seat of state government until just before the beginning of the 18th century (when the government was moved to Annapolis). The government was moved at about the same time as the persecution of Maryland Catholics by Puritans from Virginia; during the persecutions, all of the original Catholic churches of southern Maryland were burned down. St Marie's City is now an archaelogical site, with a small tourist center.

Maryland was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution.

Maryland remained largely neutral in the United States Civil War. As it did not secede (in part due to precautions taken by the government in Washington, D.C), it was not included under the Emancipation Proclamation and retained legal slavery for some years after the Civil War.

Law and Government

As in all fifty states, the head of the executive branch of government is a Governor. The legislative branch is called the General Assembly, and consists of a 47-member Senate and a 141-member House of Delegates. See:List of Maryland Governors


See: List of Maryland counties

Maryland is bounded on the north by Pennsylvania, on the west by West Virginia, on the east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, and on the south, across the Potomac River, by Virginia. Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state, and the counties east of the Bay are known collectively as the Eastern Shore.


Military Facilities


Maryland's major Interstate Highways include I-95, which enters the northeast portion of the state, goes through
Baltimore, and becomes the Capital Beltway to the Woodow Wilson Bridge. I-68 connects the western portions of the state to Frederick, and I-70 connects Frederick with Baltimore.

Maryland's main airport is Baltimore-Washington International Airport (formerly known as Friendship Airport). The Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C. are also serviced by the other two airports in the region, Reagan National and Dulles International Airports, both in Virginia.

Amtrak Trains serve Baltimore along the Northeast Corridor. MARC trains, operated by the State's Transit Authority, connect nearby Washington, D.C and Baltimore, and other towns.


As of 2000, the state's population was 5,296,486.

Important Cities and Towns



Colleges and Universities

Professional sports teams

Miscellaneous information

The state bird is the Baltimore Oriole; the state flower is the black-eyed susan; state sport is jousting; state dog is the Chesapeake Bay Retriever; state fish is the rockfish (striped bass); state cat is the calico cat; and the state song is "Maryland, My Maryland." Nicknames are "The Old Line State" and "The Free State."

External links