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The United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania in Swahili) is a country on the east coast of central Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda on the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique on the south. To the east it borders the Indian Ocean.

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Republic of Tanzania
National motto: Uhuru na Umoja
(Swahili) "Freedom and Unity"
Official language Swahili
CapitalDodoma (Dar es Salaam)
PresidentBenjamin William Mkapa
Prime MinisterFrederick Sumaye
 - Total
 - water

945 090 kmē
59 050 kmē
 - Total (2000)
 - Density

35 922 454
CurrencyTanzanian shilling
Time zoneUTC +3h
National anthemMungo Ibariki Afrika God Bless Africa
Internet TLD.TZ
Calling Code255

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Regions
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External Links and References


Main article: History of Tanzania

The area was a German colony from the 1880s to 1919. It was British from 1919 to 1961. Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania on April 26, 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.


Main article: Politics of Tanzania. From the CIA World Factbook 2000. Not Wikified.


Main article: Geography of Tanzania. From the CIA World Factbook 2000. Not Wikified.


''Main article: Economy of Tanzania

Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Growth in 1991-99 has featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Natural gas exploration in the Rufiji Delta looks promising and production could start by 2002. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Short-term economic progress also depends on curbing corruption.


Main article:
Demographics of Tanzania


Tanzania is divided into 25 regions: Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West, Ziwa Magharibi
note: Ziwa Magharibi may have been renamed Kagera


Main article: Culture of Tanzania

DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks

Miscellaneous topics

External Links and References

Countries of the world  |  Africa