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Gothenburg, or Göteborg, is a city and a municipality on the western coast of Sweden, in the County of Västra Götaland. It is the largest city in Sweden after Stockholm and the seat of residence for the county.

Göteborgs stad
CityGothenburg (1621)
CountyVästra Götaland County
Historical ProvinceWestrogothia
 - Total
Ranked 183rd
449 km²
 - Total (2003)
 - Density
Ranked 2nd
1019.7 /km² (unknown)

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Universities
6 Heraldry
7 Sites of interest
8 Sports
9 Notable natives
10 Miscellaneous topics
11 See also
12 External links


Main article: History of Gothenburg

In the early 17th century Sweden controlled only one point on the western coastline. An attempt in 1607 to found a city by the name of Gothenburg on the nearby island of Hisingen had failed due to the Kalmar War, but the second attempt in 1621, by King Gustavus Adolphus, was successful. Following the successive wars, by 1658 all the Danish eastern provinces were ceded to Sweden, by the Treaty of Roskilde.


Main article: Politics of Gothenburg

The municipality is subdivided into 21 boroughs, which carry responsibility for primary school, social, leisure and cultural services within their respective areas. A point of some controversy is the fact that the borough councils do not reflect the local majority, but follow the majority at City Hall for the entire municipality. In the election of 1998 three boroughs -- Askim, Torslanda and Älvsborg -- held local referenda on forming their own municipalities, but their petitions were rejected by the Government of Sweden.

  • Askim
  • Backa
  • Bergsjön
  • Biskopsgården
  • Centre
  • Frölunda
  • Gunnared
  • Härlanda
  • Högsbo
  • Kortedala
  • Kärra-Rödbo
  • Linnéstaden
  • Lundby
  • Lärjedalen
  • Majorna
  • Styrsö
  • Torslanda
  • Tuve-Säve
  • Tynnered
  • Älvsborg
  • Örgryte


Main article: Geography of Gothenburg

Situated on the western coast by Kattegat, an arm of the North Sea, at the outlet of the river Göta älv and Göta kanal. Nearby municipalities include Mölndal, Partille, Lerum, Kungälv and Kungsbacka.


Main article: Economy of Gothenburg

By its naturally advantageous location, Gothenburg houses the largest and most important harbor installation in Scandinavia. Trade and shipping have always been important businesses and already in the 18th century it was the home to the Swedish East India Company. Industry developed into an important business, and examples include SKF, Volvo and Ericsson.


Main article: Universities in Sweden


Main article: Heraldry of Gothenburg

Sites of interest

Gothenburg has a wide selection of cultural establishments, including theatres and museums. A new opera house was inaugurated in the 1990s. Museums include art, design and handicrafts, sea history, natural history, science, East India, etc. and a new museum on world culture to be inaugurated in 2004. It is also the site of Scandinavia's largest amusement park, Liseberg.


Held Events:

Planned Events: Arenas: Scandinavium, Ullevi

Notable natives

Miscellaneous topics

Gothenburg is also noted for being the centre of the melodic death metal movement, a typically Swedish musical style, being home to such internationally known bands as At The Gates and
In Flames. It is also the hip-hop capital of Sweden.

See also

External links

Municipalities of Västra Götaland:
Gothenburg  |  Kungälv  |  Lilla Edet  |  Lysekil  |  Munkedal  |  Orust  |  Sotenäs
Stenungsund  |  Strömstad  |  Tanum  |  Tjörn  |  Uddevalla  |  Öckerö

Essunga  |  Falköping  |  Grästorp  |  Gullspång  |  Götene  |  Hjo  |  Härryda  |  Karlsborg  |  Lidköping
Mariestad  |  Mölndal  |  Partille  |  Skara  |  Skövde  |  Tibro  |  Tidaholm  |  Töreboda  |  Vara

Ale  |  Alingsås  |  Bengtsfors  |  Bollebygd  |  Borås  |  Dals-Ed  |  Färgelanda  |  Herrljunga  |  Lerum  |  Mark
Mellerud  |  Svenljunga  |  Tranemo  |  Trollhättan  |  Ulricehamn  |  Vårgårda  |  Vänersborg  |  Åmål

Counties of Sweden  |  Sweden