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In Greek mythology, the Argonauts were a band of heroes, before the Trojan War, who accompanied Jason to Colchis in his quest for the Golden Fleece. They sailed the ship the Argo, hence their name, which literally means "Sailors of the Argo". They were sometimes called Minyans because Jason came from Minya.

The ship was named after its builder, Argus, son of Phrixus.

Pelias, king of Iocus in Thessaly, had been warned to be on his guard against a man with one shoe, and seeing his nephew Jason one day with only one sandal (the other having been lost in crossing a stream), he bade him to go and fetch the Golden Fleece, hoping that he would be killed in the attempt.

Jason was accompanied by some of the principle heroes of ancient Greece. The number of Argonauts vary but usually number 40-55 people total - traditionally there were 50. The Argonauts were: (Jason and Medea are sometimes not counted)

  1. Acastus
  2. Aethalides
  3. Ascalaphus
  4. Atalanta (others claim Jason forbid her because she was a woman)
  5. Autolycus
  6. Calais
  7. Castor
  8. Echion
  9. Euphemus
  10. Euryalus
  11. Heracles
  12. Hylas
  13. Idas
  14. Idmon
  15. Jason
  16. Laertes
  17. Lynceus
  18. Meleager
  19. Oileus
  20. Orpheus
  21. Peleus
  22. Poeas
  23. Polydeuces
  24. Polyphemus
  25. Poriclymenus
  26. Telamon
  27. Theseus (others claim he was still in the underworld at the time)
  28. Tiphys
  29. Zetes

See Jason for more details on the quest for the Golden Fleece.

See also Argo Navis.

Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica I, 23-227; Apollodorus, Bibliotheke I, ix, 16.