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In Greek mythology, Autolycus was the son of Chione and Hermes and father of Anticlea. He was a renowned thief (skills passed down from his father) and wrestler (which he taught to Heracles).

Autolycus stole the cattle of Eurytus and the helmet that his grandson, Odysseus, eventually wore during the Trojan War. Autolycus was one of the Argonauts.

Apollodorus. Bibliotheke I, ix, 16; II, iv, 9; vi, 2; Ovid. Metamorphoses XI, 301-17; Homer. Iliad X, 265-271; Homer. Odyssey XI, 84-6; XIX,395-566.