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Alternate meanings: see Alabama (disambiguation)

(In Detail) (Full size)
State motto: We Dare Defend Our Rights

Other U.S. States
Capital Montgomery
Largest City Birmingham
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 30th
135,765 kmē
131,426 kmē
4,338 kmē
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 23rd
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

December 14, 1819
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
30°13'N to 35°N
84°51'W to 88°28'W
306 km
531 km
734 meters
805 meters
0 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-AL

Alabama is a southern state located in the southern United States; the population of Alabama is 4,447,100 as of 2000.

USS Alabama was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important Cities and Towns
7 Education
8 Professional Sports Teams
9 External links


Main article: History of Alabama

Among Native American people once living in present Alabama were Alabama (Alibamu), Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati, and Mobile.

Alabama was once a region claimed by the Spaniards as part of Florida. The English also claimed it as part of the province of Carolina. Nevertheless, when the french took over Louisiana they also took over the territory including Alabama. Later when the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase and the Mississippi Territory, there was much controversy as to whether or not Alabama was included. Nevertheless, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819.

The state of Alabama seceded from the Union and became a Confederate state on January 11, 1861. While not many battles were fought in the state, it contributed about 120,000 soldiers to the Civil War. After the war a provisional government was set up in 1865 and Alabama was readmitted to the Union in June 1868.

Law and Government

Main article: Law and Government of Alabama

The current governor of the state is Bob Riley (Republican) and the two U.S. senators are Jeff Sessions (Republican) and Richard C. Shelby (Republican).

See also: List of Alabama Governors


Main article: Geography of Alabama

Alabama is the 30th largest state in the United States with 135,765 km2 (52,419 mi2) of total area. 3.2% of that is water, making Alabama 23rd in the amount of surface water. About three-fifths of the land area is a gentle plain with a general incline towards the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. Alabama ranges in elevation from sea-level to a little more than 1800 ft near the Georgia line.

See also: List of Alabama counties


The 1999 total gross state product was $115 billion placing Alabama 25th in the nation. The Per Capita Income for the state was $23,471 in 2000. Alabama's agricultural outputs are poultry and eggs, cattle, nursery stock, peanuts, cotton, vegetables, milk, and soybeans. Its industrial outputs are paper, lumber and wood products, mining, rubber and plastic products, transportation equipment and apparel.

The Heart of Dixie
State Bird:Yellowhammer
State Capital:Montgomery
State Flower:Camellia
State Motto:"We Dare Defend Our Rights"
State Song:"Alabama"
State Tree:Southern Pine


Important Cities and Towns

Main article: List of cities in Alabama


Colleges and Universities

  • Air University
  • Alabama A&M University
  • Alabama State University
  • Athens State University
  • Auburn University
  • Auburn University at Montgomery
  • Birmingham-Southern College
  • Concordia College-Selma
  • Faulkner University
  • Huntingdon College
  • Jacksonville State University
  • Judson College
  • Miles College
  • Oakwood College
  • Samford University
  • Southeastern Bible College
  • Southern Christian University
  • Spring Hill College
  • Stillman College
  • Talladega College
  • Troy State University
    • Troy State University at Dothan
    • Troy State University at Montgomery
  • Tuskegee University
  • United States Sports Academy
  • University of Alabama System
  • University of Mobile
  • University of Montevallo
  • University of North Alabama
  • University of South Alabama
  • University of West Alabama

Professional Sports Teams

External links