Decades: 1760s 1770s 1780s 1790s 1800s - 1810s - 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s
Years: 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 - 1816 - 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821
The "Year Without A Summer", caused by the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption that had occured in 1815.
March 25 - Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck dies and is succeeded by the later Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, his son and founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
May 2 - Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, later King of the Belgians, marries Charlotte Augusta, but she dies the next year.
July 9 - Argentina gains independence from Spain.
November - James Monroe defeats Rufus King in U.S. presidential election
December 11 - Indiana is admitted as the 19th U.S. state.
Tsultrim Gyatso becomes the Dalai Lama.
The British found Banjul, The Gambia.
A British expedition explores up from the mouth of the Congo River.
The Battle of Seven Oaks is fought in the Red River Colony of Canada.
In France, René Laennec (1781-1826) invents the stethoscope.
First known cultivation of the cranberry.
Francis Ellis first describes the Dravidian languages.
The Second Bank of the United States is founded.
E. Remington and Sons is founded.
Buffalo, New York is incorporated.
African Methodist Episcopal Church is founded in Philadelphia.
Beau Brummell flees England to escape gambling debts.
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1816 in literature:
April 21 - Charlotte Bronte, British novelist
April 22 - Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
May 24 - Emanuel Leutze, US painter
July 4 - Arthur de Gobineau, French diplomat, author (+ 1882)
July 31 - George Henry Thomas, American general (+ 1870)
October 2 - Ángel de Iturbide y Huarte (+ 1872)
November 17 - August Wilhelm Ambros, Austrian composer
December 13 - Werner von Siemens, German inventor and industrialist
William Marsh Rice, philanthropic founder of Rice University
Therese, daughter of Carl Friedrich Gauss
Charles John Vaughan, English scholar
February 22 - Adam Ferguson Scottish philosopher, historian
July 5 - Dorothy Jordan, English mistress
December 15 - Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope
Heads of states
Ottoman Empire - Mahmud II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1808-1839)
Prussia - Frederick William III King of Prussia (1797-1840)
Russia - Alexander I Tsar of Russia (1801-1825)\n