: 17th century
- 18th century
- 19th century
Decades: 1740s 1750s 1760s 1770s 1780s - 1790s - 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s
Years: 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 - 1792 - 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
- January 25 - The London Corresponding Society is founded.
- February 20 - The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington.
- April 2 - The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.
- April 5 - United States President George Washington vetos a bill designed to apportion representatives among U.S. states. This is the first time the presidential veto has been used in the United States.
- April 21 - "Tiradentes," Minas Conspiracy leader in Brazil, is executed in Rio de Janeiro.
- April 25 - Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine.
- May 11 - Captain Robert Gray becomes the first white man to discover the Columbia River.
- May 17 - Buttonwood Agreement is signed, beginnings of New York Stock Exchange.
- June 1 - Kentucky is admitted as the 15th U.S. state.
- October 12 - First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York.
- October 13 - In Washington, DC, the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.
- French revolution comes to an end, monarchy is abolished and French Republic is declared on sept 22; Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle composes La Marseillaise aka "Marche pour les armées du Rhin".
- Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, last emperor, takes office.
- Treaty of Jassy ends Russian war with Ottoman Empire over Crimea.
- Russia invades Poland: War in defence of the consitution.
- Swedish king Gustav III is assassinated at a masked ball at the Stockholm opera house, is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
- King John VI takes over from his insane mother in Portugal.
- George Washington is re-elected as president of the United States.
- Tipu Sultan invades Kerala in India, but is repulsed.
- George Vancouver explores Puget Sound, becomes first European to see Mount Rainier.
- Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, an astronomer, publishes "The Tables of the Sun", an essential early work for navigation.
- Claude Chappe successfully demonstrates the first semaphore line, between Paris and Lille.
- William Murdoch invents gas lighting.
- George Anschutz constructs first blast furnace in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
- Thomas Holcroft produces the play Road to Ruin in London.
- Barthelemy Catherine Joubert, later general, becomes sub-lieutenant.
- Johann Georg Albrechtberger becomes Kapellmeister in Vienna.
- State Street Corporation is founded.
- January 12 - Johann Arfvedson, Swedish chemist (+ 1841)
- February 10 - Captain Frederick Marryat, English author (+ 1848)
- February 17 - Karl Ernst von Baer, naturalist
- February 29 - Gioacchino Rossini, Italian composer
- March 3 - Johann Karl Ludwig Gieseler, German church historian (+ 1854)
- March 7 - John Herschel, mathematician, astronomer (+ 1871)
- April 23 - John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer, physicist (+ 1882)
- May 13 - Pope Pius IX (+ 1878)
- July 10 - George M. Dallas, American senator, vice-president
- June 21 - Ferdinand Christian Baur, theologian (+ 1860)
- August 4 - Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet
- August 13 - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen-Consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom
- August 18 - Lord John Russell, British prime minister
- September 26 - William Hobson, first governor of New Zealand (+ 1842)
- November 11 - Mary Anne Evans, wife of Benjamin Disraeli
- November 28 - Victor Cousin, French philosopher (+ 1867)
- December 1 - Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician
- December 6 - William II of the Netherlands (+ 1849)
- Matteo Carcassi, Italian musician, composer
- Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, French engineer, scientist
- John Herschel, English mathematician, astronomer
- John Keble, English poet, professor (+ 1866)
- John Linnell, English painter (+ 1873)
- William Henry Smith, English businessman
- Karl Gottlob Zumpt, scholar
- March 29 - King Gustav III of Sweden dies after having been shot by an assassin on March 16
- April 23 - Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian, adventurer
- June 4 - John Burgoyne, British general
- July 18 - John Paul Jones, American naval captain
- September 8 - Charles d'Abancourt, french statesman, killed
- October 7 - George Mason, U.S. Patriot, "Father of the Bill of Rights"
- December 15 - Joseph Martin Kraus, composer
- Robert Adam, Scottish architect
- Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick
- Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
- Sir Joshua Reynolds, English painter
- Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab, Wahhabi preacher