is the Roman goddess
, equivalent to Greek Aphrodite
and Etruscan Turan
. Other figures possibly corresponding to Venus are:
Her cult began in Ardea
and Lavinium, Latium
. On August 18
, 293 BC
, her oldest temple
was built. August 18 was then a festival called the Vinalia Rustica. On April 1
, the Veneralia was celebrated in honor of Venus Verticordia, the protector against vice. On April 23 215 BC
, a temple was built on the Capitol
dedicated to Venus Erycina
to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasum.
Julius Caesar introduced Venus Genetrix as a goddess of motherhood and domesticity.
Venus was often depicted in painting and in sculpture.
See also: Aphrodite, Suadela, Venus (planet), The birth of Venus