United States battleships
The first United States battleships
(though they were not called such at the time) were the heavy-armored cruisers USS Maine (ACR-1)
and USS Texas
. The first ship of the United States Navy
actually classified as a battleship
and given a "BB" hull classification symbol
was USS Indiana (BB-1)
. In total, the United States
has commissioned 57 "BB" battleships. They may be grouped as the pre-Dreadnought
s, BB-25 and earlier; the dreadnoughts, BB-26 through BB-54; and the fast battleships, BB-55 and later.
USS Iowa (BB-4)
class (note out-of-sequence numbering):
South Carolina class
(two of the "Big Five"):
class (the other three of the "Big Five"):
Senator Benjamin Tillman
instructed the Navy to design "maximum battleships." While those plans never progressed beyond the study phase, they did influence later designs.
South Dakota class (keels laid down for the but the entire class was cancelled before they were launched):
South Dakota class
The Montana class
was authorized and then cancelled before any of the keels were laid down. They were to have been:
Except for Kearsarge
, named by an act of Congress, all American battleships have been named for states, and every state has had at least one battleship named for it except Alaska
(recall that these did not become states until 1959
). Two battleships have been authorized to be named for Montana
, but both were cancelled before commissioning. The pre-dreadnoughts
taken as prizes of war after World War I
, were commissioned in the US Navy, but were not assigned hull classification symbols.
No American battleship has ever been lost at sea, though some have been sunk in port and others sunk as targets.
- Aircraft Carriers