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The supporters of this viewpoint usually hold that the Lord's supper is a church ordinance, and shy away from the term sacrament¹. Proponents view the ordinance as a remembrance of the suffering and death of Jesus Christ, instituted by Jesus as a perpetual memorial until His return. Transubstantiation, consubstantiation, and "means of grace" views are rejected. The institution of Lord's supper from the four gospels is emphasized, aa well as the Apostle Paul's account in I Corinthians:
The elements of the Lord's supper are most commonly unleavened bread and wine². In traditions in which temperance movements have had strong influence, grape juice is substituted for the wine. In a few Holiness bodies, water is substituted for the wine.
There is wide variation of practice on who may partake of the bread and wine. The traditional Baptist position favors restricted communion, in which the participants are limited to believers who are immersed church members. A variation on this is closed communion, in which only members of the church observing the ordinance participate in the Lord's supper³ General Baptists and non-denominational groups favor open communion, in which all professed believers are invited to participate.
The frequency with which the Lord's supper is observed is often a matter of tradition rather than doctrine for most groups. It may be observed annually, bi-annually, quarterly, monthly, or weekly. The Churches of Christ (non-instrumental) hold the position that the Lord's supper must be observed on the first day of each week.