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Tai Chi-tao

Tai Chi-tao (戴季陶; pinyin: Di Jto; 1890-February 21, 1949) was an early Kuomintang member and an a head of the Examination Yuan of the Republic of China. He is often referred to as Di Chanxan (戴傳賢; Wade-Giles: Tai Ch'uan-hsien) or by his other courtesy name, Di Xŭantng (戴選堂; Wade-Giles: Tai Hsan-t'ang).

With an ancestry in Wuxing, Zhejiang, he was born Di Langb (戴良弼) in Guanghan, Sichuan. He went to Japan in 1905 to study in a normal school and entered Nihon University's law program in 1907. He returned to China in 1909 to write for the Shanghaiese China Foreign Daily (中外日報) and Tianduo Newspaper (天鐸報) at 19, and is therefore considered one of the forefathers of modern Chinese journalism. His sobriquet for himself was Dai Tianchou (天仇), or Haven-Revenge Dai, at this time, to signify his dissatisfaction for the Qing Empire.

He was threatened to be imprisoned for his writings by the Manchus, so he fled to Japan in 1911, then to Penang, where he joined Tongmeng Hui and wrote for its Guanghua Newspaper (光華報). Later that year, he returned to Shanghai after the Wuchang Uprising, founding the Democracy Newspaper (民權報) and became a confidential secretary of Sun Yat-sen. After failing to overthrow Yuan Shikai, he went to Tokyo to join the Chinese Revolutionary Party in 1914.

From October 1928 to June 1948, his official positions consisted of:

His changed his name to Dai Chuanxian, Continuing-Virtue Dai, after Sun Yat-sen's death in 1925. He jumped into a river and was rescued by a fisherman. After this suicide experience, he converted to Buddhism and was accused by many to be superstitious. His works about Buddhism are published in The Collection of Mr. Dai Jitao's Discussions on Buddhism (戴季陶先生佛學論集). After many more failed attempts at suicide, he succeeded in 1949 in Guangzhou by taking over 70 pills. He is reputed to be the birth father of Chiang Wei-kuo, the second son of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.

He was one of the lyricists of "Three Principles of the People", the anthem of the Republic of China. He also wrote:

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