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Suzhou (蘇州 pinyin: su1 zhou1) is one of the most famous cities in China. It lies in the lower reaches of the Yangtze and on the shores of lake Taihu in the province of Jiangsu. It is part of the Golden Triangle region. The city enjoys advantageous geography and excellent land, water and air transportation.

Location ?
- Total Area
8,848 km²
- Total population
- Urban population
Number ? in Jiangsu Province
5.78 million
2.05 million

City flower ?
City tree ?
Political division Prefecture-level city

Table of contents
1 History
2 Districts and Satellite cities
3 Neighboring Provincess and Municipality
4 Water and Mountains
5 Attractions
6 Transportation
7 Culture
8 Famous people
10 See also
11 Colleges and universities
12 External links


Suzhou, the cradle of Wu culture, is one of the oldest towns in the Yangzi Basin. 2500 years ago, local tribes who named themselves "Gou Wu" in the late Shang Dynasty lived in the area which would become Suzhou. In 514 BC, during the Spring and Autumn Period, King Helu of Wu established "Great City of Helu", the ancient name for Suzhou, as his capital.

In the course of the history of China, it has been a metropolis of industry and commerce in the south-eastern coast of China. The city was renamed Suzhou in A.D. 581 under Sui Dynasty.

When the Grand Canal was completed, Suzhou found itself placed strategically on a major trading route.

In 1981, this ancient city was listed by the State Council as one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhou and Guilin) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage as well as natural scenery should be treated as a priority project.

Gardens in Suzhou were added to the list of the World Heritage Sites in 1997 and 2000.

Districts and Satellite cities

Neighboring Provincess and Municipality

Water and Mountains




Famous people


"A very great and noble city... It has 1600 stone bridges under which a galley may pass." - Marco Polo

"Capital of Silk", "Land of Abundance", "Gusu city", "Oriental Venice", "cradle of the Wu Culture", and "World of Gardens"
- nicknames of Suzhou

"Paradise in Heaven, Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth." - Chinese old saying

See also

Colleges and universities

External links