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Jiangsu (江蘇, formerly transliterated as Kiang-su) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the eastern part of the country. It has over 1,000 km coast along the Yellow Sea.

Province Abbreviation(s): 苏
Capital Nanjing
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 25th
100,000 km²
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 5th
Administration Type Province

Table of contents
1 History
2 Geography
3 Economy
4 Demographics
5 Culture
6 Tourism
7 Miscellaneous topics
8 External links


Jiangsu became a separate province in the 18th century.


Jiangsu Province spans the warm-temperate/humid and subtropical/humid climatic zones, and has clear-cut seasonal changes. There are frequently "plum rains" between spring and summer, typhoons with rainstorms in late summer and early autumn. The annual average rainfall is 800 - 1,200 mm.

Plains cover 95 percent of the Jiangsu's total area with well-developed water systems. The Grand Canal traverses all the east-west river systems. Jiangsu also borders the Yellow Sea. The Yangtze River cuts through the province, other rivers include the Huaihe River and Guanhe River.

Large lakes in Jiangsu include Lake Taihu, Hongze Lake, Gaoyou Lake, Luoma Lake, and Yangcheng Lake.


Jiangsu's main list of products includes: rice, wheat, corn, sorghum, millet, potatoes, soybeans, peanuts, rape, sesame, tea; cotton, ambary hemp, silk cocoons, jute; peppermint, spearmint, bamboo, and medicinal herbs; apples, pears, peaches, loquats, gingko; coal, phosphorus, salt, pottery clay; aquatic products. The economic center of the province is in Nanjing.


Out of the 74,380,000 who reside in Jiangsu, about 30 million reside in urban areas. Major ethnic groups include Han, Hui, and Manchu peoples.

Major cities in Jiangsu include: Nanjing, Wuxi, Suzhou, Xuzhou, Lianyungang, Changzhou, Nantong, Zhenjiang, Jiangyin, Huai'an and Yangzhou.



Miscellaneous topics

Colleges and universities

External links