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North Dakota

North Dakota
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Peace Garden State

Other U.S. States
Capital Bismarck
Largest CityFargo
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 19th
183,272 kmē
178,839 kmē
4,432 kmē
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 47th
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

November 2, 1889
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Eastern ND is Central, Western is Mountain
45°55' N to 49° N
97° W to 104° W
340 km
545 km
1,069 meters
580 meters
229 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-ND

North Dakota is a state of the United States, named after the Lakota (Sioux) Native American Indians. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is ND.

USS North Dakota was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Important cities and towns
7 Education
8 Miscellaneous information
9 External links


North Dakota got its name from the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians who lived on the plains before the Europeans arrived. "Dakota" means "friend". North Dakota was admitted to the Union as the 39th state on November 2, 1889. On the same day, South Dakota was admitted.

Law and government

The capital of North Dakota is Bismarck and its governor is John Hoeven (Republican). Its two U.S. senators are Kent Conrad (Democrat) and Byron Dorgan (Democrat). Its congressman is Earl Pomeroy (Democrat).

North Dakota has a bicameral legislature. The state elects two House Representatives and one Senator from each of 47 districts apportioned by population. The legislature only meets for 80 days in even-numbered years and when summoned by the governor.

The major political parties in North Dakota are the Republican Party and the Democratic-Non Partisan League.

See: List of North Dakota Governors


See: List of North Dakota counties

North Dakota is bordered on the north by the Canadian Provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, on the west by Montana, on the south by South Dakota, and on the east, across the Red River of the North, by Minnesota. The Missouri River runs through much of the state, forming Lake Sakakawea behind the Garrison Dam. It is mainly a farm state and most of its industries (food processing and farm equipment) are connected to farming. Farms and ranches stretch from the flat Red River Valley, in the east, across rolling plains, to the rugged Badlands in the west. The geographic center of the North American continent is located at Rugby in North Dakota.


North Dakota's 1999 total gross state product was $17 billion, the smallest in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $25,068, placing it 38th in the nation. The state's agricultural outputs are wheat, cattle, barley, sunflowers, milk, and sugar beets. Its industrial outputs are food processing, machinery, mining, and tourism.


As of the 2000 census, the population of North Dakota is 642,200. Its population grew 0.5% (3,400) from its 1990 levels. According to the 2000 census, 92.4% (593,181) identified themselves as White, 1.2% (7,786) as Hispanic or Latino, 0.6% (3,916) as black, 0.6% (3,606) as Asian, 4.9% (31,329) as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.04% (230) as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0.4% (2,540) as other, and 1.2% (7,398) identified themselves as belonging to two or more races.

6.1% of its population were reported as under 5, 25% under 18, and 14.7% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.1% of the population.

Important cities and towns

By population, the ten largest urban centres in the state are:

1. Fargo/West Fargo
2. Bismarck/Mandan
3. Grand Forks
4. Minot
5. Dickinson
6. Jamestown
7. Williston
8. Wahpeton
9. Devils Lake
10. Valley City

Interestingly, Devils Lake tends to be considered more important than Wahpeton because of its geographic isolation. As for population trends, Fargo and Bismarck are growing fast, but the other cities in the state are staying put or declining in population.


Colleges and universities

North Dakota boasts one of the healthiest higher education scenes in the nation. There are 11 public colleges and universities, 4 tribal community colleges, and 3 private schools in the state. They are:

Bismarck State College in Bismarck
Cankdeska Cikana Community College in Fort Totten
Dickinson State University in Dickinson
Fort Berthold Community College in New Town
Jamestown College in Jamestown
Lake Region State College in Devils Lake
Mayville State University in Mayville
Minot State University in Minot
Minot State University-Bottineau in Bottineau
North Dakota State University in Fargo
North Dakota State College of Science in Wahpeton
Sitting Bull College in Fort Yates
Trinity Bible College in Ellendale
Turtle Mountain Community College in Belcourt
University of Mary in Bismarck
University of North Dakota in Grand Forks
United Tribes Technical College in Bismarck
Valley City State University in Valley City
Williston State College in Williston

Miscellaneous information

Counties: 53
Bird: Western Meadowlark
Flower: Prairie Rose
Tree: American Elm
Nicknames: Roughrider State, Flickertail State, Peace Garden State

External links