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Lianjiang (連江; 连江; Liánjiāng; Lien²-chiang¹) is a county on the coast of Fujian Province, China. The lands adjoining the mainland are controlled by the People's Republic of China, and the outlying islands, collectively referred to as the Matsu, are administered as Lienchiang County (Wade-based Romanization) by the Republic of China, which is mostly on Taiwan. As a result, the county has two governments governing separate jurisdictions.

PRC jurisdiction:

ROC jurisdiction:

Table of contents
1 Townships
2 History
3 Culture
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Transportation
7 Tourism
8 External links


The PRC governs 14 townships (镇) and 7 rural townships (乡): These townships are divided into 266 villages.

The ROC governs 4 townships (镇):

These townships are divided into 22 villages, which are further divided into 137 neighborhoods (鄰 lín). (All townships, except Chukuang, are named after the largest island in its jurisdictional area, but most townships also include other islets.)


Liangjiang, in 282, during the Jin Dynasty, was Wenma, named after a shipyard there, Wensha Ship-hamlet (溫麻船屯). It was incorporated into Min Prefecture (閩縣) in 607, during the Sui Dynasty.

Wenma was changed to the present name and made its own county during in 623, during the Tang Dynasty, when Baisha (白沙) or Fusha (伏沙) of Aojiang was the capital of Lianjiang County. The capital was changed to Fengcheng as today in 742.

After the Republic of China was established, Lianjiang switched back and forth numerous times between two special regions:

In 1949, the county was split in two due to the Chinese Civil War, as it remains today.

Beginning on July 1, 1983, the PRC side reverted control to Fuzhou Municipality.


Residents of mainland Lianjiang speak the Fuzhou dialect of the East Min language.

The language spoken by Matsu residents is the Ping language (平話), a dialect of Northern Fujianese.


Sea-border length: 209 km


Food products:


104 national roads in 500,300
metres. 42,600-metre navigable river length.

Guantou and Kemen (可門) are the largest seaports in Lianjiang with national access.


There are hot springs in Gui'an (貴安) and Tanghui (湯尾) of Pandu. There is a Dragon King Palace-Temple (龍宮廟) in the Xiaocang She Nationality Rural Township.

External links