|Table of contents|
2 Major Cities Along the Route
3 Intersections with other Interstates
4 Spur Routes
Number of Miles
Major Cities Along the Route
Intersections with other Interstates
The road's major discernable purpose, other than pork for Southern politicians, is to connect Birmingham with the world beyond. Birmingham did not exist until the late 1800s, when the discovery of iron ore and coal set off a boom. It remained a steel town until the crash of the American steel market; you can still see the huge, empty USX works from I-59. I-59 served to connect Birmingham to the foundries (and waterways) of Chattanooga, Tennessee, and the coal of West Virginia and Kentucky. It also connects to New Orleans, Louisiana, which is a much more important port than Mobile, Alabama, which is the other nearby interstate-accessible port. Finally, I-59 served the purpose of moving U.S. freight traffic off rails and onto roads. A major north-south line runs along that path, as does U.S. 11 (which also follows 75 and 40 into Knoxville, and then joins I-81 for the rest of its run). It also gave the paper companies of southeast Mississippi a handy outlet for their produce (Georgia-Pacific and International Paper both have large operations in SE Miss. and SW Ala.) Oh yes -- and for a large portion of its run, it is coincident with I-20 (about 100 miles). Since so much was built, it was no feat for the politicians to pick up some extra funds to extend it.