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Emperor Wen of Han China

Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese).

Emperor Wen of Han China, ch 漢文帝, py. hn wn d, wg. Han Wen-ti, (202 BC - 157 BC) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty.

Emperor Wen was deliberately chosen as emperor after elimination of the clan of L since her mother Consort Bo had no powerful relatives. His reign brought a much needed political stability that laid the groundwork of prosperity under Emperor Wu. Historians describe that Confucian-educated ministers were entrusted and consulted for state affairs, and Emperor Wen, under the influence of his Daoist wife Empress Dou, avoided wasteful expenditures.

Legends noted that the tax rates were at a ratio of "1 out of 30" and "1 out of 60", corresponding to 0.03 and 0.016 percent respectively. Warehouses were so full of grains, some of which were left to decay.

In a move of lasting importance in 165 BC, Emperor Wen introduced recruitment to the civil service through examinations. Potential officials never sat for any sort of academic examinations. Their names were sent by local officials to the central government based on reputations and abilities, which were sometimes judged subjectively.

Personal information

Family name Liu (劉 li) in Chinese
Given name Heng (恆 hng) in Chinese
Era name Houyuan (後元 hu yan) 163 BC-156 BC
Father Emperor Gao of Han China
Mother Consort Bo
Wife Empress Dou (d. 135 BC)
Children 5 sons, including Emperor Jing of Han China
Duration of reign 180 BC-157 BC
Temple name
Courtesy name
Posthumous name 孝文 (py. xio wn), literary meaning: "filial and civil"
Posthumous name in short 文 (py. wn), literary meaning: "civil"

See also

Preceded by:
Empress Dowager L
Western Han Dynasty Succeeded by:
Emperor Jing of Han China