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Aeolus (or Aiolos, Αἴολος) in Greek Mythology was the God of the Wind. He was also called Astraeus ("starry"). Aeolus ("earth-destroyer") was married to Eos, the goddess of the dawn. Their four children were the four winds: Zephyrus, Notus, Boreas, Eurus.

Aeolus was the son of King Hippotes. He let the winds out at appropriate strengths and directions according to the whims of the higher gods. He lived on the floating island of Aiolia and was visited by Odysseus and his crew in the Odyssey. He gave hospitality for a month and provided for a west wind to carry them home. Unfortunately he also provided a gift of a bag containing each of the four winds, which Odysseus' crew members opened just before their home was reached. They were blown back to Aiolia, where Aeolus refused to provide any further help. (Odyssey X, 2; Virgil I, 52)

His home has been traditionally identified as one of the Aeolian Islands (there is little concensus as to which), near Sicily, on a mountain. An alternative location has been suggested at Gramvousa off the north west coast of Crete.

Alternative: Aeolos

Aeolus was also the name of the ancestor of the Aeolians. This Aeolus is son of Hellen and originally settled his people in Thessaly.

Aeolus, with Enarete, was the father of Canace, Sisyphus, Deioneus, Salmoneus, Macar and Cretheus. Aeolus murdered Canace when she fell in love with Macar.

It is unclear which Aeolus is the father of Arne. He may be one of the two people described above, or a third Aeolus. Arne was the ancestress of the Boeotians.

It is also unclear which is the son or lover of Melanippe and which fathered Perieres.