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In Greek mythology, Salmoneus was the brother of Athamus and father of Tyro. Though she was not Tyro's mother, he married Sidero, who mistreated her stepdaughter horribly.

Tyro was married to Cretheus but loved Enipeus, a river god. She pursued Enipeus, who refused her advances. One day, Poseidon, filled with lust for Tyro, disguised himself as Enipeus and from their union was born Pelias and Neleus, twin boys. Tyro exposed her sons on a mountain and they were raised by a maid. When they reached adulthood, Pelias and Neleus found Tyro and killed her stepmother, Sidero, for having mistreated her. Sidero hid in a temple to Hera but Pelias killed her anyway, causing Hera's undying hatred of Pelias.

Also in Greek mythology, King Salmoneus of Elis, son of Aeolus and Enarete, tried to equal Zeus by riding a bronze chariot, and loudly imitating thunder and lightning, forcing his subjects to make offerings to him. Zeus killed him with a lightning bolt.

Virgil VI, 585.