Decades: 100s BC - 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC - 60s BC - **50s BC** - 40s BC - 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s BC

Years: 59 BC 58 BC 57 BC 56 BC 55 BC 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC

- Julius Caesar conquers much of Gaul ( 58 - 49 BC). He defeats among others Vercingetorix.

- Julius Caesar, Roman dictator (lived 100 - 44 BC, term 46 - 44 BC).
- Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt (lived 70/ 69 - 30 BC, reigned 51 - 30 BC).
- Vercingetorix, Chieftain of the Arverni (d. 46 BC).