: 2nd century BC
- 1st century BC
- 1st century
Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s
Years: 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC
Arts and Literature
- January 1 - The Roman Senate receives from Julius Caesar a proposal that he and Pompey should lay down their commands simultaneously. The Senate responds that Caesar must immediately surrender his command.
- January 10 - Julius Caesar lead his army across the Rubicon, which separates his jurisdiction from that of the Senate, and thus initiates a civil war
- June 7 – Cicero slips out of Italy and goes to Salonika.
- August 24 - Caesar's general Gaius Curio is defeated in North Africa by the Pompeians under Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia in the Battle of the Bagradas River.