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Trousers (or "pants" in American English) are an item of clothing worn on the lower part of the body and covering both legs separately (rather than together as in a Skirt and dress). Trousers are worn at the hips or waist, and may be held up by their own fastenings, a belt, or suspenders. Leggings are form-fitting trousers of a clingy material, usually a knit. Trousers, together with a shirt, are the standard clothing for men in many or most parts of the world.

Trousers may be characterized by:

Trousers were introduced into European society at several points in history, but gained their current predominance only in the 16th century.

Based on a dubious interpretation of Deuteronomy 22:5 in the Bible, a small minority of Christians believe that women should not wear trousers, but only skirts and dresses. See more at Some women and many young girls see trousers and shorts as being more practical and comfortable than skirts or dresses for most activities.

It is customary in the western world for men to wear trousers and not skirts or dresses. However, there are exceptions such as the Scottish kilt and the Greek tsolias, which are worn on ceremonial occasions, as well as clothing such as cassocks etc of religious functionaries.

A very common type of strong, informal trousers made of thick blue cloth are blue jeans.

Among certain groups saggy, baggy pants exposing underwear are in fashion, e.g. among skaters, for whom it also provides more freedom of movement.

Cut-offs are homemade shorts made by cutting the legs off trousers,

See also: Breeches, Codpiece, Hakama, Pantaloons, Georgepants, Cross-dresser.