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Theism (from Greek θεoς theos god) is used in two meanings: It can be either the belief in God and/or Goddess as unitary being or specifically the belief in God as creator of the universe who is actively involved in maintaining and ruling it.

The first meaning sees four major views of the role of God/dess in the world in this context:

Within theism proper, it can be differentiated between Typical theistic religions are Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Baha'i.

Compare: Deism, Atheism, Agnosticism, Aldeism, Pantheism, Panentheism, Maltheism