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A territory is a clearly defined geographical area, usually considered to be a possession of a person, organization, or institution. An organism which claims territory is said to be territorial.

In politics, the term refers to an area of land under jurisdiction of a governmental authority.

Types of territories include:

Additionally, the term is used to describe small geographical areas which an animal considers their own. Animals in the wild are often seen fighting over their territory, even among members of the same species. Some animals (such as the canidae) use urination to mark their territories.