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T'ai-pei, (台北, pinyin: Táibĕi), is the provisional capital of the Republic of China on Taiwan. It also was the capital of Taiwan Province until the 1960s when that was moved to Chung-hsing-hsin-ts'un. Its population in 2000 is 2,600,543.

Major industries include electrical and electronic equipment, textiles, metals, ship-building, and motorcycles.

Administratively in Chinese, "Taipei" can refer to Taipei City, which is a special municipality administered directly under the central government; or Taipei County, which is administered as part of Taiwan Province. This article focuses on the City.

Table of contents
1 Subdivisions
2 History
3 Politics
4 Transportation
5 Miscellaneous
6 External links


Taipei administers twelve districts:

{| border=1 style="border-collapse: collapse;" |-bgcolor= lightgreen ! Hanyu Pinyin !Hanzi !Wade-Giles ! Tongyong Pinyin |---------- |Songshan |松山區 |Sung-shan |SongShan |---------- |Xinyi |信義區 |Hsin-yi | SinYi |---------- |Daan |大安區 |Ta-an | DaAn |---------- |Zhongshan |中山區 |Chung-shan | JhongShan |---------- | Zhongzheng |中正區 |Chung-cheng | JhongJheng |---------- |Datong |大同區 |Ta-tung |DaTong |---------- |Wanhua |萬華區 |Wan-hua |WanHua |---------- | Wenshan |文山區 |Wen-shan | WunShan |---------- |Nangang |南港區 |Nan-kang |NanGang |---------- |Neihu |內湖區 |Nei-hu |NeiHu |---------- |Shilin |士林區 |Shih-lin |ShihLin |---------- |Beitou |北投區 |Pei-tou |BeiTou |}


Founded in the 18th century, Taipei began development only after 1885, when it replaced Tainan as the capital of the Chinese province of Taiwan. Much of the architecture of Taipei dates from the period of Japanese rule (during which the city was known in Japanese as Taihoku) including the Presidential Palace which was the former mansion of the Japanese governor and which faces Tokyo.

In 1949, the Communists forced the government of Chiang Kai-shek to flee from the Mainland China and establish Taipei as provisional capital of the ROC.

From 1875 (during the Qing Dynasty) until the end Japanese Occupation in 1945, Taipei was part of Danshui District (淡水縣) of Taipei Prefecture (府). As approved on December 30, 1966 by the Executive Yuan, Taipei became a municipality on July 1, 1967.

The Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Taipei.


The current mayor of Taipei is the Kuomintang's Ma Ying-jeou. The office of mayor of Taipei is seen as a stepping stone to higher office, both the current and previous Presidents of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian and Lee Teng-hui were former mayors. Until 1994, the mayor of Taipei was an appointed position, but since then it has been elected.

Taipei city has a higher proportion of Mainlanders than as average in Taiwan. This and the fact that the city is highly dependent on commerce and finance which would be disrupted in case of conflict with the People's Republic of China means that the city is somewhat more favorable to Chinese reunification than other areas of Taiwan. Indeed, it was the fact that Chen Shui-bian was able to win the mayorship in 1994, despite this tendency that made him the obvious DPP candidate for President in 2000.


Taipei's public transport system uses both a light rail system based on VAL technology and a conventional metro.

Nearby Taoyuan hosts Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, which serves Taipei for international flights. There is also Sungshan Domestic Airport in the heart of the city.


See also: Political divisions of the Republic of China

External links