Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. It was formed in 1945 from remains of the pre-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia under name Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, in 1946 it changed name to Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia and again in 1963 to Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Internally, the state was divided into six republics and two autonomous regions. The federal capital was Belgrade.

  1. Socialist republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with capital in Sarajevo
  2. Socialist republic of Croatia, with capital in Zagreb
  3. Socialist republic of Macedonia, with capital in Skopje
  4. Socialist republic of Montenegro, with capital in Titograd
  5. Socialist republic of Serbia, with capital in Belgrade; Serbia was further divided into:
    1. Socialist autonomous province of Kosovo, with capital in Pristina
    2. Socialist autonomous province of Vojvodina, with capital in Novi Sad
    3. Part of Serbia that is neither in Vojvodina nor in Kosovo and Metohia had no special status
  6. Socialist republic of Slovenia, with capital in Ljubljana

Its hymn was Hej Sloveni.


Main article: History of Yugoslavia

After World War II, Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was established as a communist state, on November 29 1945 in Jajce under president Josip Broz Tito, but unlike other Eastern and Central European communist countries, chose a course independent of the Soviet Union (see Informbiro), and was not a member of the Warsaw pact.

After Tito's death, tensions between the various peoples grew, and in 1991 its constituent republics Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Bosnia-Herzegovina started breaking away. After a period of war, the process ended in 1992 when the two remaining republics, Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

See also: Yugoslavia